Kidney Disease: Avoiding High-Sodium Foods
Sodium is a mineral that the body needs in small amounts. Sodium is found in table salt and sea salt. It's important for people with kidney disease to limit how much sodium is added to meals. Sodium is also found in high amounts in most processed foods. This means pre-prepared foods such as breakfast cereals, cookies, and pickles. It's also found in high amounts in most restaurant foods. If you aren't cooking with fresh ingredients at home, you are very likely eating more salt than you need. When you eat a lot of sodium, it can make you thirsty and cause your body to retain fluid. This can increase blood pressure and strain the kidneys. .
People with chronic kidney disease should limit how much sodium they get to no more than 1,500 mg each day. Reading food labels is one of the best ways to figure out how much sodium you are getting each day.
If you have trouble managing your sodium intake, ask your doctor for a referral to a registered dietitian (RD). An RD can help you with choosing foods low in sodium and with meal planning.
Remember, reading food labels is one of the best ways to know how much sodium you are getting. The following is a list of foods that are high in sodium.
Canned and processed foods, such as gravies, instant cereal, packaged noodles and potato mixes, olives, pickles, soups, vegetables
Cheeses, such as american, blue, parmesan, and roquefort
Cured meats, such as bacon, beef jerky, bologna, corned beef, ham, hot dogs, sandwich meats, and sausages
Fast foods, such as burritos, fish sandwiches, milk shakes, salted french fries, and tacos
Frozen foods, such as meat pies, TV dinners, and waffles
Salted snacks, such as chips, crackers, peanuts, popcorn, pretzels, and nuts
Other packaged items, such as bread, antacids, baking soda, bouillon, ketchup, lite salt, relish, salted butter and margarine, soy and teriyaki sauce, steak sauce, and vegetable juices
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